Five thousand ... Few species have such a long history. But Egypt is not the Basenji homeland, not the Egyptians, with their refinement and distinctive artistic taste, formed a unique image of the breed. Basenji came to Egypt from the headwaters of the Nile, and bred these dogs ... savages. Basenji ancestors lived in the jungles of Central Africa in the tribes of hunters long before the first centers of civilization.
Talking about the cultural and historical traditions of breeding this breed is very difficult, as any documentary evidence of cultures of Central Africa region does not exist. Be that as it may, the primitive peoples primitive breed dogs with an indistinct breed type.
Basenji for some reason is called a primitive breed, although in this case, this concept sounds very funny. In Zootechnic same concept of "primitive rock" there is nothing offensive or funny - as characterized by the dogs in the breeding of which the major role played by natural selection, which possesses the ability to survive in primitive (severe) conditions and a high degree of variability. Many factory rocks next to the elegant young African to not look like "advanced".
Basenji surprisingly harmonious and graceful, but his appearance is deceptive. This is not a toy, albeit with great pleasure that lie down on your hands instead of a cat, he is absolutely fearless, independent and extremely energetic.
This, in the fullest sense, a hunting dog with strong, healthy instincts and a great sense of dignity.
Basenji breed type formed a very long time: score is not even for centuries - for millennia.
Indicative of their age - about 5,000 years, but if the images and statues still give rise to debate the exact breed of dog accessories, then discovered in the tombs of pharaohs fifth dynasty mummy dogs put an end to the discussion. In the tomb, next to the sarcophagus, were carefully embalmed Basenji. Mummy dogs were wrapped in expensive fabrics impregnated with incense, they even survived collars decorated with numerous precious stones.
Basenji - a hunting dog, but there is in it's history and one curious detail: the Basenji is not only a companion hunter, but an indispensable companion and healer, a shaman and sorcerer. Beliefs that dogs are able to smell and ward off evil spirits, are inherent in different cultures (including Africa).
Probably in Egypt, they were not so much as a game, much like a dog with a certain mystical aura, that is "alive amulets" - protecting their lords of black magic and sorcery. This assumption, at least, explains their place in the tomb of Pharaoh, and special honors, rendered by him during the burial
And the Aborigines living in Central Africa, still believe that their «M` bwa m `kubwa M` bwa »(jumping up and down) - the local name for the breed - can protect its master, pick up negative energy and restore shattered the aura of
Later, when the civilization of Egypt went into decline and ceased to exist, Basenji been forgotten. However, the homeland of this species in Central Africa, it continues to appreciate in mind, quickness, magical properties, hunting abilities, and ... silence.
The natives generally use these abilities to hunt small animals: to corral game in the Internet under the spears of hunters, stalking a wounded beast, as well as for hunting cane rats - evil creatures with long teeth, which weigh roughly the same number as Basenji, and "silent" dog in this hunt plays a huge role. In today's breed of Zaire ceased to be oblavnoj and turned into a single helper hunter.
Good working dog hunter values sometimes higher than his own wife as a "poor" country, the dog is heavily dependent - whether in the home food
The official debut of the breed took place in 1937 at an exhibition of Kraft, where Basenji passed under exotic names of Congo - Terrier "and" Hound of the jungle ". The same year saw them America. After the Second World War, Basenji started its triumphal procession through Europe and America.
Basenji loved and adored: previous Queen Juliana of Holland, which the people at the silver jubilee portrait presented with the image of Basenji Zara - the favorite of the queen sitting on her lap, the Egyptian King Farouk, who even after the abdication and departure in Monaco, not parted with his pets.
Many of the royal houses of the world hold for decades this breed, among them Queen Helen, Queen Mother of the Kingdom of Romania, Romanian King Michael and Queen Anne, the Princess Antoinette of Monaco kingdom, the former Crown Prince of Japan and many others.